The toy dog is defined as being under 20 pounds. Besides being lap dogs, many are smart, stubborn, and rule the roost. They make excellent pets for apartment dwellers and seniors as they can get plenty of exercise indoors. They are affectionate and people-oriented dogs. The Pugs and (smooth-coated variety) Chihuahuas are easy to groom; where as the Yorkshire Terrier, Maltese, and the Shih Tzu are high-maintenance dogs. The Pomeranian is a breed that sheds a lot. Breeds also include Toy Poodles, Cavalier King Charles Spaniels, Havanese, Papillons, Pekingese Sporting Dogs.
Sporting dogs are the larger dogs that needs lots of exercise but make great companions. These dogs are the ones you take hunting with you. These dogs are great family dogs, smart, and are affectionate. The Cocker Spaniel is a high-maintenance dog as there will be many trips to the groomers. The English Springer Spaniel is one that has been a winning show dog. Breeds also include Labrador Retrievers, Irish Setters, Brittanys, American Water Spaniels, and German Shorthaired Pointers.
Non Sporting Dogs
This group varies in size from very small to very large. Personalities vary as well. There are breeds who are very lovable and those which only love their owner. There are differences in their looks also. There are coated breeds and there are smooth breeds. Colors have a wide variety as well; from the black and white of the Boston Terrier to the variety of colors of the Lowchen. As for grooming goes the Poodle is a high-maintenance dog; and the French Bulldog and Dalmatian are some of the wash-and-wear dogs. Some of the other breeds in the Non Sporting group are the Keeshond, Bulldog, Schipperke, Lhasa a pso, and the Tibetan Terrier.
Historically, these hardy dogs were used to keep grazing cattle and sheep from straying, and to protect the livestock from Wolves. Many of these breeds are still popular as farm animals. Most of these dogs have long hair, long ears, and short legs. Size ranges from medium to giant. They are intelligent, eager to please, loyal, affectionate; but need enough exercise. Some in this group that are high-maintenance are the Collie (rough-coated variety), Old English Sheepdog, and the Briard. Breeds also include Australian Shepherds, Australian Cattle Dogs, Border Collies, German Shepherds Dogs, Shetland and Belgian Sheepdogs, and the Polish Lowlands.
These dogs serve people in various ways. For example, Doberman Pinschers, and Mastiffs make excellent guard and police dogs. The Alaskan Malamutes, Samoyeds, and Siberian Huskies pull sleds; and the St. Bernards and Newfoundlands were bred for rescue work. They are usually large, strong dogs,and need significant exercise. The Boxers and Rottweilers are easy to groom; but the Siberian Husky, Alaskan Malamute, Great Dane, and the Samoyed shed a lot. Breeds also include Akitas, Giant and Standard Schnauzers.
The Hound group can be broken into two types: Scenthounds and Sighthounds
These dogs hunt by smell, not sight. The Beagles and Foxhounds run with their nose to the ground to follow an animal’s scent. Their size ranges from medium to large. Beagles shed a lot but are easy to groom. Breeds also includes Bloodhounds, coonhounds, Dachshunds, Harriers, Petit Basset Griffons Vendeens, and Otterhounds.
These are dogs that hunt on instinct when they see prey moving; then by using their speed they overtake their prey. They have a wide size range; from toy to giant. Sighthounds are very fast runners. As for grooming goes the Greyhound is a wash and wear dog. Breeds also include Whippets, Italian Greyhounds, Pharaoh Hounds, Basenjis, Borzois, Irish Wolfhounds, Lurchers, Salukis, and Scottish Deerhounds.
Terriers were originally bred to drive game out of holes in the ground. The majority of Terriers have a wiry coat and a bushy beard. These dogs make fearless watch dogs. They also help people by killing mice, rats, and other pests. Busy, Feisty, and active, many Terriers are the canine version of hyperactive children, so they need a lot of exercise. Breeds include Cairn Terriers, Irish Terriers, Kerry Blue Terriers, Miniature Schnauzers, Scottish Terriers, Soft Coated Wheaten Terriers, and West Highland White Terriers.